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…a Bible student's notes…

Vine’s notes on “know,” part 5…

Adjectives.
1. gnostos (G1110), a later form of gnotos (from No. 1), most frequently denotes “known”; it is used ten times in the Acts, always with that meaning (save in Act_4:16, where it means “notable”); twice in the Gospel of John, Joh_18:15, Joh_18:16; in Luk_2:44 and Luk_23:49 it denotes “acquaintance”; elsewhere only in Rom_1:19, “(that which) may be known (of God),” lit., “the knowable of God,” referring to the physical universe, in the creation of which God has made Himself “knowable,” that is, by the exercise of man’s natural faculties, without such supernatural revelations as those given to Israel. See ACQUAINTANCE.
2. phaneros (G5318), “visible, manifest,” is translated “known” in Mat_12:16 and Mar_3:12. See APPEAR, MANIFEST, OPENLY, OUTWARDLY.
3. epistemon (G1990), akin to A, No. 5, “knowing, skilled,” is used in Jam_3:13, KJV, “endued with knowledge” (RV “understanding”).
4. agnostos (G57), the negative of No. 1, “unknown,” is found in Act_17:23.
Nouns.
1. gnosis (G1108), primarily “a seeking to know, an enquiry, investigation” (akin to A, No. 1), denotes, in the NT, “knowledge,” especially of spiritual truth; it is used (a) absolutely, in Luk_11:52; Rom_2:20; Rom_15:14; 1Co_1:5; 1Co_8:1 (twice), 1Co_8:7, 1Co_8:10, 1Co_8:11; 1Co_13:2, 1Co_13:8; 1Co_14:6; 2Co_6:6; 2Co_8:7; 2Co_11:6; Eph_3:19; Col_2:3; 1Pe_3:7; 2Pe_1:5, 2Pe_1:6; (b) with an object: in respect of (1) God, 2Co_2:14; 2Co_10:5; (2) the glory of God, 2Co_4:6; (3) Christ Jesus, Phi_3:8; 2Pe_3:18; (4) salvation, Luk_1:77; (c) subjectively, of God’s “knowledge,” Rom_11:33; the word of “knowledge,” 1Co_12:8; “knowledge” falsely so called, 1Ti_6:20.
2. epignosis (G1922), akin to A, No. 3, denotes “exact or full knowledge, discernment, recognition,” and is a strengthened form of No. 1, expressing a fuller or a full “knowledge,” a greater participation by the “knower” in the object “known,” thus more powerfully infiuencing him. It is not found in the Gospels and Acts. Paul uses it 15 times (16 if Heb_10:26 is included) out of the 20 occurrences; Peter 4 times, all in his 2nd Epistle. Contrast Rom_1:28 (epignosis) with the simple verb in Rom_1:21. “In all the four Epistles of the first Roman captivity it is an element in the Apostle’s opening prayer for his correspondents’ well-being, Phi_1:9; Eph_1:17; Col_1:9; Phm_1:6” (Lightfoot).
It is used with reference to God in Rom_1:28; Rom_10:2; Eph_1:17; Col_1:10; 2Pe_1:3; God and Christ, 2Pe_1:2; Christ, Eph_4:13; 2Pe_1:8; 2Pe_2:20; the will of the Lord, Col_1:9; every good thing, Phm_1:6, RV (KJV, “acknowledging”); the truth, 1Ti_2:4; 2Ti_2:25, RV; 2Ti_3:7; Tit_1:1, RV; the mystery of God. Col_2:2, RV, “(that they) may know” (KJV, “to the acknowledgment of”), lit., “into a full knowledge.” It is used without the mention of an object in Phi_1:9; Col_3:10, RV, “(renewed) unto knowledge.” see ACKNOWLEDGE.
3. agnosia (G56), the negative of No. 1, “ignorance,” is rendered “no knowledge” in 1Co_15:34, RV (KJV, “not the knowledge”); in 1Pe_2:15, ignorance. See IGNORANCE.
Note: In Eph_3:4, KJV, sunesis, “understanding,” is translated “knowledge”; RV, “understanding.”

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August 19, 2011 - Posted by | Vine's notes on "know"

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