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…a Bible student's notes…

Vine’s notes on “know,” part 3…

3. epiginosko (G1921) denotes (a) “to observe, fully perceive, notice attentively, discern, recognize” (epi, “upon,” and No. 1); it suggests generally a directive, a more special, recognition of the object “known” than does No. 1; it also may suggest advanced “knowledge” or special appreciation; thus, in Rom_1:32, “knowing the ordinance of God” (epiginosko) means “knowing full well,” whereas in Rom_1:21 “knowing God” (ginosko) simply suggests that they could not avoid the perception. Sometimes epiginosko implies a special participation in the object “known,” and gives greater weight to what is stated; thus in Joh_8:32, “ye shall know the truth,” ginosko is used, whereas in 1Ti_4:3, “them that believe and know the truth,” epiginosko lays stress on participation in the truth. Cf. the stronger statement in Col_1:6 (epiginosko) with that in 2Co_8:9 (ginosko), and the two verbs in 1Co_13:12, “now I know in part (ginosko); but then shall I know (piginosko) even as also I have been known (epiginosko),” “a knowledge” which perfectly unites the subject with the object; (b) “to discover, ascertain, determine,” e.g., Luk_7:37; Luk_23:7; Act_9:30; Act_19:34; Act_22:29; Act_28:1; in Act_24:11 the best mss. have this verb instead of No. 1; hence the RV, “take knowledge.” J. Armitage Robinson (on Ephesians) points out that epignosis is “knowledge directed towards a particular object, perceiving, discerning,” whereas gnosis is knowledge in the abstract. See ACKNOWLEDGE.
4. proginosko (G4267), “to know beforehand,” is used (a) of the divine “foreknowledge” concerning believers, Rom_8:29; Israel, Rom_11:2; Christ as the Lamb of God, 1Pe_1:20, RV, “foreknown” (KJV, “foreordained”); (b) of human previous “knowledge,” of a person, Act_26:5, RV, “having knowledge of” (KJV, “which knew”); of facts, 2Pe_3:17. See FOREKNOW.
5. epistamai (G1987), “to know, know of, understand” (probably an old middle voice form of ephistemi, “to set over”), is used in Mar_14:68, “understand,” which follows oida “I (neither) know”; most frequently in the Acts, Act_10:28; Act_15:7; Act_18:25; Act_19:15, Act_19:25; Act_20:18; Act_22:19; Act_24:10; Act_26:26; elsewhere, 1Ti_6:4; Heb_11:8; Jam_4:14; Jud_1:10. See UNDERSTAND.

August 17, 2011 - Posted by | Vine's notes on "know"

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