Searchfortreasure's Blog

…a Bible student's notes…

It took a long time to pray this morning…

In reading the Psalms every month, I come up with an extra day on the 31st because the Psalms are easily divided by 30.  So – on the months that have 31 days, I read Ps. 119.  It’s the longest one that I usually skip until then.  I LOVE this Psalm!  I PRAY it and so look forward to it!  Discovering some years ago E. W. Bullinger’s notes concerning this Psalm, my love for God’s perfect Word, purified 7 times, was enhanced with this knowledge.  I will paste it for you below.  This URL contains Bullinger’s indexes  –  http://www.therain.org/appendixes/; but I have downloaded a new Bible study program from the internet called, Bible Explorer which contains all his notes.  I am using this program here:

 An Acrostic Psalm (Ap. 63. VII), in which each verse in each of the twenty-two sections commences with the twenty-two successive letters of the Hebrew alphabet: i. e. the first eight begin with Aleph (= A), the second eight with Beth (= B), &c.: making 176 verses in all (i. e. 8 x 22). For the ten words (corresponding with the Commandments) which are characteristic of this Psalm, see Ap. 73.

Appendix #73
THE TEN WORDS OF Psa 119
The number of the words which are frequently repeated in Psa 119 has been variously given and enumerated by expositors and commentators. It will be better to give them here on the authority of the Massorah (Ap. 30). The rubric on verse 122 is as follows: “Throughout the whole of the Great Alphabet [i.e. the Alphabetic Psa 119] there is in every verse one of the following ten expressions
“DEREK (= Way),
“EDUTH (= Testimony),
PIKKUDIM (= Precepts),
MIZVAH (= Commandment),
‘IMRAH (= Saying),
TORAH (= Law),
MISHPAT (= Judgment),
ZEDEK, ZEDAKAH, and ZADDIK (= Righteousness),
HOK, and HUKKAH (= Statutes),
DABAR (= Word), which correspond to the Ten Commandments; except one verse, in which there is none of these: viz. verse 122.” (Massorah, Ginsburg’s Edition, Vol. II.)

The following list includes all the “Ten Words” given above, with every occurrence in the Psalm, together with the first occurrence of each word.
1.
WAY (derek) is from darak, to tread with the feet, and denotes the act of walking. Hence it is used of a going, or way, or journeying. The first occurrence is Gen 3:24. It occurs in this Psalm thirteen times: vv. 1, 3, 5, 14, 26, 27, 29, 30, 32, 33, 37, 59, 168.
2.
TESTIMONIES (‘eduth) is from ‘ud, to turn back again, to go over again, to reiterate, hence, to testify. The first occurrence is Gen 21:30 (edah). It occurs in this Psalm twenty-three times; nine times (‘eduth), vv. 14, 31, 36, 88, 99, 111, 129, 144, 157; fourteen times (‘edah, fem. sing.), vv. 2, 22, 24, 46, 59, 79, 95, 119, 125, 138, 146, 152, 167, 168.
3.
PRECEPTS (pikkudim) is from pakad, to take oversight or charge: hence, mandates enjoined on others. It occurs only in the Book of Psalms (see Psa 19:8; see Psa 103:18; see Psa 111:7119119:4, 119:15, 27, 40, 45, 56, 63, 69, 78, 87, 93, 94, 100, 104, 110, 128, 134, 141, 159, 168, 173.
4.
COMMANDMENTS (mizvah) is from zavah, to set up, constitute. Hence, constitutional commands. First occurrence Gen 26:5. In Psa 119 it occurs twenty-two times: vv. 119:6, 10, 19, 21, 32, 35, 47, 48, 60, 66, 73, 86, 96 (sing.), 98, 115, Psa 119:127, 131, 143, 151, 166, 172, 176.
5.
WORD (‘imrah) is from ‘amar, to bring forth to light; hence, to say. The verb is very regularly followed by the words used; hence ‘imrah means an utterance and the purport of it. Not the same as dabar (No. x below), which refers to the articulate utterance of it. The first occurrence is in Gen 4:23, and is rendered “speech”. In plural only once, Psa 12:6119119:11, 119:38, 41, 50, 58, 67, 76, 82, 103, 116, 123, 133, 140, 148, 158, 162, 170, 172. With dabar the two occur forty-two times.

6.
LAW (torah) is from yarah, to project, issue: hence, to point out, to show (Pro 6:13). Then, to instruct, teach. The Torah contains Jehovah’s Instructions to His People, pointing out to them His will. First occurrence is in Gen 26:5 (pl.). In Psa 119 it occurs twenty-five times: always in the singular: viz. vv. 119:1, 18, 29, 34, 44, 51, 55, 61, 70, 72, 77, 85, 92, 97, 109, 113, 126, 136, 142, 150, 153, 163, 165, 174.
7.
JUDGMENT (mishpat) is from shaphat, to set upright, erect (cp. Eng. right, and German richten and recht); hence, to judge. Mishpat means judgment. Its first occurrence is in Gen 18:19 (in Jehovah’s mouth). In Psa 119 it occurs twenty-three times (always in plural, except four times), viz.: vv. 119:7, 13, 20, 30, 39, 43, 52, 62, 75, 84, 91 (ordinances), 102, 106, Psa 119:108, 120, 121, 132 (as thou usest to do, see note), Psa 119:137, 149, 156, 160, 164, 175.
8.
RIGHTEOUSNESS, RIGHT, &c. (zedek, masc.), is from zadak, to be right, upright, just, righteous. Hence the noun means rightness. By comparing the first occurrence (Lev 19:15) with the second (Lev 19:36) we get the idea that the word has special reference to equal balancing. Zedek (masc.) occurs twelve times, and is rendered “righteousness”: vv. Psa 119:123, 142 (second), Psa 119:144, 172; “right”, v. Psa 119:7, 62, 106, 138, 160, 164; “justice”, v. Psa 119:121. Zedakah (fem.), first occurrence, Gen 15:6. In Psa 119, “righteousness”, vv. 119:40, 142 (first). Zaddik (adj.), spoken of a king (2Sa 23:3), once, in v. 137. The three words fifteen in all.
9.
STATUTE (hok and hukka) is from hakak, to hew, cut in, engrave, inscribe; hence, to decree, or ordain. The noun = a decree or ordinance. First occurrence, Gen 26:5 (hukkah fem.). In Psa 119 it occurs twenty-two times: viz.: vv. 119:5, 8, 12, 16 (hukkah, fem.), Psa 119:23, 26, 33, 48, 54, 64, 68, 71, 80, 83, 112, 117, 118, 124, 135, 145, 155, 171.

10.
WORD, WORDS (dabar), is from dabar, to arrange in a row; hence, to set forth in speech. It refers to the articulate form of what is said, whether spoken or written (cp. v above); to the mode or manner by which the ipsissima verba are imparted. The first occurrence is in Gen 11:1 (“speech”). In Psa 119 it occurs twenty-four times, three of them in pl., viz.: vv.Psa 119: 9, 16, 17, 25, 28, 42 (twice), 119:43, 49, 57 (pl.), Psa 119:65, 74, 81, 89, 101, 105, 107, 114, 130 (pl.), Psa 119:139 (pl.), Psa 119:147, 160, 161, 169.

You still with me?  I just love to read and study this way.  Just reading the above will give you a deeper love for it.  Have a BLESSED day – now, and in the age to come!

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March 31, 2011 - Posted by | Newsy News & Random Thoughts, Reading the Psalms

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