Searchfortreasure's Blog

…a Bible student's notes…

Been thinkin’ ’bout grammar….

 Been thinkin’ bout   “grammar.”  (Not your grandparent! – but, the components in the construction of a sentence.  Being able to “compose” one’s thoughts in speech, spoken and written.) Webster says, “grammar” includes “morphology, syntax, phonology, and semantics.”

“Morphology” – deals with the internal structure and forms of words.

“Syntax” – the arrangement of words as elements in a sentence to show their relationship to one another.

“Phonology” – a study in speech sounds.

“Semantics” – the branch of linguistics concerned with the nature, structure, and especially the development and changes of the meanings of speech forms, or with contextual meaning.

Okay, Mary, how are you going to apply this fact?  Get on with it!

 –     To the Scriptures!

Some of you had enough trouble in high school English and hoped you had it all behind you.  My classmates – from the class of 1960 – have Mrs. Cain (now deceased) to thank for a good, thorough course in College English.  How could it be that now we must know Greek and Hebrew as well!

In this case, we can thank the Lord that He has provided for us teachers, books – tools, if you will, for studying the Scriptures in this manner.  And, later I will list some of mine for you; but my main point is to emphasize that the Scriptures MUST be studied in this manner.  And the original languages are different than English in many ways.  Like:  (in Greek) –

Word arrangement – the words are in order of importance and emphasis, rather than like English – subject, then verb.

Verb tense, mood, and voice

Tenses – present, imperfect, perfect, pluperfect, aorist, and future. (Of import are the differences between Aorist tense and the present tense:  “Aorist” is punctiliar action – states an action as completed – never to be undone.  “Present” tense is continuous action -–linear – and can be discontinued at any time.)

Moodindicative (the declarative mood, certainty), imperative (a command), subjunctive (the mood implying doubt –maybe so, maybe not), optative (mood of possibility-similar to a command).

Voice – active, passive, and middle. (“Active” voice indicates that the subject produces the action.  “Passive” voice indicates that the subject is acted upon.  “Middle” voice indicates that the subject initiates the action and also participates in the results of the action.  This voice is unique to Greek construction.)

There’s more, but that’s enough to make my point.  To study and understand the Scriptures one must be able to get into the study and understanding of the original languages – at least to some degree.  I have had no formal training.  (Bob has had two years of Hebrew and Greek.)

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December 1, 2010 - Posted by | Pages from my journal

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